On Thursday, April 22, Frenchman Thomas Baskett is scheduled to depart for the International Space Station (ISS) from a base in Cape Canaveral, Florida. This task, called alpha, lasts six months. But what about his daily life at 28,000km / h and 408km / h from the ground? Francinefo describes how astronauts eat, sleep, wash and use the toilets on board the ISS.
The astronauts sleep vertically, in a duvet. The latter, with two holes for the hands, is hung on the wall so as not to float while sleeping. “It’s very convenient because we do not have body weight and we sleep well without weight.”, Thomas Baskett said in a video He toured during his first trip.
In space, there is no question of bathing. The amount of water is very low. The toilet is done with gloves with soap without rinsing. “It’s like a little camp”, American astronaut Mike Fossum commented on the video (In English). Shampoo, too, is made without rinsing. It is still necessary to put a little water on the roots of the hair.
The laundry is not washed on the ISS board: one laundry requires more water. When it is dirty it is thrown away. Since replacement is still necessary, unmanned cargo ships are provided with clean cloth, which also brings food and equipment.
To feed itself
On the ISS ship, the astronauts don’t really cook. They eat frozen dry food. These are rearranged using a water, hot or cold, pumping machine.
Eat, no plate. Foods need moisture and a little stickiness to adhere well to cutlets. It could be pasta, rice, mushrooms or chicken. Food often takes place In front of a table where everything was taped, ISS
To drink, you need a straw, fitted with a valve, which connects to the zucchini. Thus, the astronaut sucking a floating water bubble makes it a joke.
Go to the toilet
This is a question that the public often asks, According to American astronaut Chris Cassidy (In English). To urinate, you need to catch a tube that collects urine through the suction system. It is then recycled and converted into drinking water.
For large commissions, you need to position yourself above the seat with a hole about 15 cm in diameter. For maximum stability, the ankle is tied. Everything ends up in a plastic bag, stored with waste. Don’t forget to put something new in the next one, says Chris Cassidy.
These plastic bags, along with dirty laundry and other waste, are stored while waiting to be placed on a cargo ship. When it fills up, it is sent back to Earth. It is consumed with its load as soon as it enters the atmosphere.
According to Thomas Basket, this extraordinary daily life lasts six months. Space camp for about 180 days, leading to a hundred scientific experiments.