May 20, 2024

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“The potential to radically change the world”

“The potential to radically change the world”

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from: Claudia Hessel

Digital expert Karl-Heinz Land © DesignPics / Imago & neuland

Artificial intelligence and ChatGPT are radically changing the world of work: are we ready for this in Germany? No, says renowned digital expert Karl Heinz Land.

Cologne – This is my own script. Why do I mention this? Because in the near future you will not be able to be sure from which pen the article came. The written competitor for us journalists is called ChatGPT. Anyone can use it and use it to solve complex math problems, write texts, presentations, homework, scenarios or doctoral dissertations. What it entails is to be expected: New AI technology will have economic, social, political and environmental impacts for all of us – whether we like it or not.

The famous genie is out of the bottle. But it is no longer a fairy tale. There’s no turning back, says Karl-Heinz Land from Cologne, author and digital expert. I spoke to him on a video call about the opportunities and challenges of AI. “We are dealing with the moment of digitization of the steam engine,” he says. “Technology has the potential to radically change the world again. Artificial intelligence is the new engine of the economy. Productivity will increase dramatically and GDP will increase by 7-10%.”

Karl-Heinz Land: “Change is so rapid that society and the economy have difficulty adapting.”

Artificial intelligence delivers a whole host of benefits economically and environmentally through automation. For example, AI programs will take over the routine, time-consuming work “But our problem will not be technology, we will have the problem of time. Change will happen with AI so quickly that it will be difficult for society and the economy to adapt,” Land predicts.

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200 to 300 million jobs worldwide On the brink of an abyss, according to his estimates. Karl-Heinz Land: „Jobs wie Buchhalter, Journalisten, Juristen, Dolmetscher, Steuerberater, Wirtschaftsprüfer, Versicherer – 30 bis 40% der heutigen Büroarbeiten werden ersetzbar, und zwar in naher Zukunft.” such for the society.

What happens when you lose a lot of jobs? Who will still be paying in our social systems if everything is automated? Who contributes to this new added value? “We are not ready for that in Germany,” Land says. “I am afraid our politicians do not yet understand the full scope of the new technology.”

Karl Heinz Land was born in 1962 Born in Hanif (Region Rhine-Siege). He worked at software giant Oracle until the mid-1990s before becoming a founder and investor himself. Karl-Heinz Land recognized digital trends and their often underestimated effects on the economy and society early on. He conveys his knowledge and expectations as an author, speaker and consultant, and his agency “neuland” supports companies and authorities in their digitization processes.

24RHEIN guest writer Claudia Hessel He is the main presenter of RTL West – a native of Cologne. The TV journalist is the chair of the Cologne Forum for Culture in Dialogue and is active in the Cologne Press Club on a voluntary basis. This article is from the “Kölner Presseclub” newsletter, which you Subscribe here ability

“more concerned about human stupidity than artificial intelligence”

And it’s not just this development that causes headaches. The reasonable use of artificial intelligence and chatbots also worries many. What is true and what information can I still trust? Actually work of us as journalists. Oh yeah, a fellow ChatGPT should take care of that. The “spirits you’ve called” moment is here. Even the inventor of GTP chat, Sam Altman warns of thisThat things can totally go wrong with AI and ChatGPT. Altman proposes creating a government agency in the United States to test all models of artificial intelligence. In fact, so far there is no transparent vision about the structure and basis of ChatGPT data. The program learns from the data it is fed into. It comes from the World Wide Web.

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Land, like many others, advocates for mandatory labeling of AI-generated products, says Land: Whether a text, photo, music or video is AI-generated — and thus the work of someone else on the Internet — it should be recognizable at first glance. This transparency also protects copyright. “We should only use AI as a support, it should not completely replace us,” says Land. He will still be very careful about the tax return with ChatGPT and suggests a collaborative approach: “AI prepares, the tax advisor checks. Only the principle of dual control between man and machine will get us this far.”

An AI revolution could help the Cologne administration: “We are too inefficient and too bureaucratic”

When asked how the city of Cologne is digitized Karl-Heinz Land laughs: “We are too inefficient. Cologne is too bureaucratic. There are too many non-digital processes. A truly digital vision of the Cologne administration will focus on the citizen and the service around him. Only then will we have a 24/7 service for the citizens of Cologne.” He is currently planning an artificial intelligence conference for the city of Cologne. So that Cologne can also be prepared for what’s to come and hopefully not overwhelm us. Brave New World should not turn into a nightmare.

One thing is for sure, the genie ran away a long time ago. Now it is important to get it under control quickly. And if it’s any consolation: ChatGPT can do a lot, but the software and artificial intelligence behind it aren’t really “smart.” He seems to have a hard time discovering meaningful connections. This is and likely will remain a human domain for a long time to come. or not. (ch/IDZRNRW)