September 19, 2021

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IBM, the first company to have a 2-nanometer chip technology – the reality of information and communication technology

IBM is making a real breakthrough in computer chip technology. In the test lab, the company was already the first in the world to produce dual nanometer chips with higher performance and greater energy efficiency.

Computer chips contain millions, or even billions, of transistors today. The more compact it is, the more it can be installed on a single chip and the less power is required to operate it. That explains why this kind of downsizing is important in extracting more computing power from the chip. So IBM is able to install 50 billion transistors on a chip the size of a fingernail.

According to the company, IBM’s 2nm technology will perform the chips 45 percent better than the current 7nm generation or provide the same performance, but it consumes 75 percent less power. Using these chips in laptops or cell phones can increase battery life.

For example, IBM is citing a smartphone that, thanks to its 2nm technology, will provide four times the autonomy. However, we need to add a nuance here, as mobile applications become more demanding over the years, which means that we will probably never reach such autonomy. Nevertheless, it is an impressive improvement.

Does this mean that we will soon see chips reaching 2nm? No. There is currently talk of a breach in the testing environment. It will take a few more years before these chips become widely available commercially. In comparison: the chips AMD launched last fall are 7nm. Apple’s M1 chip was the first to reach 5nm.

Almost all chip makers aspire to be able to produce at 2nm. This is how Intel is currently negotiating with Europe to build a plant here capable of producing 2nm chips, while the technology itself has not yet fully developed this technology, which should normally be ready within a few years …

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Computer chips contain millions, or even billions, of transistors today. The more compact it is, the more it can be installed on a single chip and the less power is required to operate it. That explains why this kind of downsizing is important in extracting more computing power from the chip. IBM is capable of installing 50 billion transistors on a chip the size of a fingernail. The company says IBM’s 2nm technology will make the chips 45 percent better. The current generation at 7nm or it will provide the same performance, but it consumes less energy By 75 percent. Using such chips in laptops or cell phones could increase their battery autonomy, for example, IBM cites a smartphone that, thanks to its 2nm technology, will provide four times the autonomy. However, we need to add a nuance here, as mobile applications become more demanding over the years, which means that we will probably never reach such autonomy. However, this is an impressive improvement – does that mean 2nm chips will soon appear? No. There is currently talk of a breach in the testing environment. It will take a few more years before these chips become widely available commercially. In comparison: the chips AMD launched last fall are 7nm. Apple’s M1 chip was the first to reach 5nm, and nearly all chip makers aspire to be able to output at 2nm. This is how Intel is currently negotiating with Europe to build a plant here capable of producing 2nm chips, while the technology itself has not yet fully developed this technology, which should normally be ready within a few years …

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