I mentioned that the Italian Ministry of Culture. The coastal region has been known as an important site for relics of the closest relatives of people living today since the late 1930s. She added that the number of Neanderthals from Guatari Cave has risen to 11 since 2019.
“It is an extraordinary discovery that the whole world talks about,” said Italian Culture Minister Dario Franceschini. Eight prehistoric humans would have been between 50,000 and 68,000 years old, and someone would have roamed the coastal region of Lazio today 100,000 years ago as a hunter and gatherer.
Archaeologists, anthropologists and other researchers from the provinces of Frosinone and Latina and from the University of Rome Tor Vergata participated in the new studies. They penetrated previously unknown areas of the cave and examined the surrounding outer areas. For example, they used genetic analysis to analyze primitive animal remains and pollen grains. Through their study, experts are trying to understand how Neanderthals lived and why they became extinct around 40,000 years ago.
“The discovery of burnt animal bones and charcoal actually confirms the hypothesis of a real stove,” the press release said. By finding the bones of animals such as elephants, cave bears, wild horses and ferns, experts can gradually reconstruct the environment and climate at that time.
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Neanderthals are the closest relatives of people who live today. They inhabited Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and Western Siberia. The name comes from the remains that were discovered in Neanderthal near Mittmann in North Rhine-Westphalia.